Physiological and haematological response of Oreochromis niloticus (Osteichthyes: Cichlidae) exposed to single and consecutive stress of capture - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v26i4.1719

Maurício Laterça Martins, Daniela Takahashi Nomura, Danilo Makoto Yamaguchi Myiazaki, Fabiana Pilarsky, Karina Ribeiro, Marcello Pardi de Castro, Cristiane Fátima Meldau de Campos

Resumo


This work is a sequence of studies on tropical fish of economic importance that evaluated the effects of two different stress of handling on the physiology and haematology of Oreochromis niloticus L. acclimated for 10 days before the essay. The stress consisted in net capture of all fish from each aquarium for 30s emersion. Fish exposed to single stress (SS) the samples were collected in the times 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 120, 180, 240 and 300min. after stress. In the consecutive stress (CS) the samples were collected in the times 0; 15min. after the first stress; 15min. after the second stress; 15min. after the third stress and 15, 30, 45, 60, 120, 180 e 240min. after the fourth stress totalizing four stimuli every 60min. Fish exposed to SS showed increased cortisol and glucose concentrations at 60min. as well as in the leucocytes number and hematocrit at 50min. after stress. Cortisol did not alter in fish exposed to CS, but glucose increased 15min. after the third stress. On the other hand, CS provoked reduction in the leucocytes number and later hematocrit increasing. Neutrophilia and lymphopenia were related to SS and CS.

Palavras-chave


Oreochromis niloticus; estresse consecutivo; cortisol; glicose; hematologia

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actascianimsci.v26i4.1719





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